How to create a website?
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What does website creation look like and what does it involve? Nowadays a company website is a must-have. Given the competition on the web, simply having a website may not be enough. Is it really that difficult to create a website?

18. 05. 2022

How to create a website?
How to create a website?

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How to create a website?

Theoretically, creating a basic website without advanced functionality is a very simple task. Some knowledge of the HTML code is enough to do so. HTML is necessary to define its content and components, and is a kind of framework for a website. In order for the website to look decent and be consistent with the previously defined visual identification of the brand or company, it is also worth introducing the CSS - code - responsible for colors, layouts, element and font sizes, animations and such. Those two elements - HTML and CSS are enough to build a readable and visually attractive website. If we want something more from the website, it might be a good idea to add some basic knowledge of PHP to process submissions from forms or other data sent by users.

The situation differs slightly when it comes to extensive e-commerce websites, web applications or websites where users carry out various actions or activities. Websites in today’s standards are based on some of the most popular programming languages such as JavaScript, PHP, Python or Ruby. These languages require a lot of knowledge and experience, and they are responsible for the functionality of the website. CMS systems, that we wrote about in the previous post come to the rescue - they are ready-made solutions for publishing content, building a website or running an e-store. Having your own website is prestige, but also an opportunity to promote your own business.It’s a good idea to ensure the website is refined down to the smallest detail as well as properly secured.

Website - what is it?

How many websites can be found on the Internet? Some conservative estimates for 2021 show that there are 1.83 billion websites and the number is growing every day. Technically, a website is a file or a set of files saved in html or htm format and located in a specific network space available via the HTTP protocol that connects to the appropriate IP address. Its most important content is the HTML code that divides the content into two segments: head and body. Information about what is seen on a given site is defined in the body section, while the head section is responsible for metadata, API integrations and loading scripts and resources.

A website usually also includes script files in .js or .php format and .css style sheet files. Along with technological progress, Internet technologies are developing as well, which we can observe through newer and newer solutions such as React.js or Angular.js - modern JavaScript frameworks, extensive CMS systems - such as. Wordpress or Joomla used frequently by business pioneers such as Nike or Unilever to manage large web projects.

How to create an HTML website?

Technically speaking, creating a website based on HTML code is a very simple task. It requires downloading the HTML code editing software, then opening and saving the file with the .html or .htm extension. Most of the available editor applications have a built-in tool for previewing the entered code, so one can easily keep track of the progress of page creation. Your own free website can be created with a few simple tools and in just a few (quite literally) moments. While it might be fast and relatively easy, such a solution won’t bring the same effect as the work of a committed team of graphic designers and programmers with many years of experience. Servicing the server and database are also quite challenging tasks, and their use is sometimes a requirement to make the website visible in the network. Choosing the right CMS system for the needs of our business should also be left to specialists.

File and server - what is worth knowing?

Keep in mind that simply creating an HTML file isn’t all the work. It’s also important to upload the file to the server in order to share its content with other users. The basic version of such a server is FTP, which acts as a bidirectional protocol. This means that you can use it not only to download the content of websites (as is the case with HTTP, but also to send files to the server. The difference between the two protocols is also that HTTP - unlike FTP - usually does not require authentication. When creating a website, it is worth ensuring that the server is fast and secure, as it often affects the positions in the website search results. Servers also often cost a lot of money, the choice of a server that is affordable for our budget is also a task for a person with experience in this area.

Network location, domain

How to create a website? You just need to create an html or htm file and then upload it to the FTP server. Each server has its own separate network address. The file that is to serve as the home page should be named “index.html”, because this is where the entire page structure will begin. What’s important is that one of the most crucial elements of the home page will be links. Their task is to take the user to a selected subpage or external page. Another important issue is the domain. It’s a legible and human-readable address of the website that is assigned to the server’s IP address. Nowadays, finding and choosing the right domain can turn out to be difficult and expensive due to the high competition on the domain market and the so-called domain-flipping, i.e. taking over a selected domain in order to sell it with benefit. It is worth taking care of the selection of a domain appropriate for our business that will be remembered by visitors.

Of course, the above description significantly simplifies the way of creating your own website, but it’s definitely worth testing in order to get acquainted with the whole process of creating the website.

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